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2016年湖北成人高考专升本英语模拟真题和答案(7)

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2016年湖北成人高考专升本英语模拟真题和答案(7)分割线

2016年湖北成人高考专升本英语模拟真题和答案(7)辅导

2016年湖北成人高考专升本英语模拟真题和答案(7)分割线
导读:2016年湖北成人高考专升本英语模拟真题和答案(7), 2016年湖北成人高考专升本英语模拟真题和答案(7) ⅠReading Comprehension Passage 1 Languages are marvelously complex and wonderfully complicated organs of culture. They embody the quickest and the most efficient means of co ......更多“外语”请关注湖北成教网微信。
2016年湖北成人高考专升本英语模拟真题和答案(7)
ⅠReading Comprehension
  Passage 1
  Languages are marvelously complex and wonderfully complicated organs of culture. They embody the quickest and the most efficient means of communicating within their respective culture. To learn a foreign language is to learn another culture. In the words of a poet and philosopher, “As many languages as one speaks, so many lives one lives.” A culture and its languages are as inseparable as brain and body; while one is a part of the other, neither can function without the other. In learning a foreign language, the best beginning is with the non-verbal linguistic elements of the language, its gestures, its body language. Eye contact is extremely important in English. Direct eye contact leads to understanding, or, as the English maxim (格言) has it, seeing eye-to-eye. We can never see eye-to-eye with a native speaker of English until we have learned to look directly into his eyes.
  1. The best title for this passage is ________.
  A. Organs of Culture B. Brain and Body
  C. Seeing Eye-to-Eye D. Non-Verbal Linguistic Elements
  2. According to this passage, the best way to learn a foreign language is ________.
  A. to read the works of poets and philosophers
  B. to find a native speaker and look directly into his eyes
  C. to begin by learning its body language
  D. to visit a country where English is spoken
  3. According to this passage, gestures are ________.
  A. non-verbal as well as non-linguistic
  B. verbal and linguistic
  C. non-verbal but nevertheless linguistic
  D. verbal but nevertheless non-linguistic
  4. “As many languages as one speaks, so many lives” means ________.
  A. if one leans many foreign languages, one will have a better understanding of his own language
  life is richer and more interesting if one knows several languages
  no matter how many languages one knows, one can never know more than one’s own culture
  if a person speaks only one language, he will live a very happy life
  5. One of the following which is not synonymous with the others is _______.
  A. signs B. gestures C. maxims D. body language
  Passage 2
  In the United States, a person can take credit only for what he has accomplished by himself. Americans get no credit whatsoever for having been born into a rich or privileged family. (In the United States, that would be considered “an accident of birth”.) Americans pride themselves in having been born poor and, through their own hard work, having climbed the difficult ladder of success to whatever level they have achieved—all by themselves. The American social system has, of course, made it possible for Americans to move, relatively easily, up to the social ladder, whereas this is impossible to do in many other countries. The “self-made man or woman” is still very much the ideal in present-day America.
  Americans believe that competition brings out the best in any individual. Consequently, the foreign visitor will see competition being fostered in the American home and in the American classroom, even at the youngest age levels. You may find the value placed on competition among individuals. But Americans teaching in Third World countries find the lack of competitiveness in a classroom situation equally distressing (令人苦恼的). They soon learn that what they had thought to be one of the universal human characteristics represented only a peculiarly American (or Western) value.
  Americans, valuing competition, have devised an economic system to go with it – free enterprise (自由企业制). Americans feel very strongly that a highly competitive economy will bring out the best in its people and ultimately, that the society which fosters competition will progress most rapidly. If you look for it, you will see evidence in all areas – in all fields as diverse as medicine, the art, education, and sports – that free enterprise is the approach most often preferred in America.
  6. What does the author mean by saying “self-made man or woman” is still very much the ideal in present-day America?
  A. Americans no longer respect those who are born rich as they used to.
  Americans still respect those who have climbed up the social ladder through hard work.
  Americans think that an ideal man or woman should be born poor.
  Americans think that only the self-made man or woman is worthy of respect.
  7. What does the author think of the American social system?
  A. It is a system that does not favor those who are born rich.
  B. It is a system that makes social climbing very difficult, if not impossible.
  C. It makes it comparatively easy for the poor to move up the social ladder.
  D. It is the best system possible in the world.
  8. Americans teaching in Third World countries found that _____.
  A. competition is a unique American (or Western) value.
  B. competition must be fostered in the classroom for success in business.
  C. cooperation is more important than competition in bringing about progress.
  D. competition is one of the universal human characteristics.
  9. We can infer from the passage that free enterprise is _____.
  A. an economic system allowing free competition among business
  B. a belief that competition brings out the best in any individual
  C. an attitude that values competition rather than cooperation
  D. a theory that advocates competition as the source of all progress
  10. Americans would most likely frown at you if you _____.
  A. tell them you were born poor and had to work with your hands
  B. go around telling people that your father is a self-made man
  C. tell them that their social system is not necessarily the best
  D. complain that you were born poor and had had no opportunities
  Passage 3
  What will man be like in the future – in 5,000 or even 50,000 years from now? We can only make a guess, of course, but we can be sure that he will be different from what he is today. For man is slowly changing all the time.
  Let us take an obvious example. Man, even five hundred years ago, was shorter than he is today. Now, on average, men are about three inches taller. Five hundred years is a relatively short period of time, so we may assume that man will continue to grow taller.
  Again, in the modern world we use our brains a great deal. Even so, we still make use of only about 20% of the brain’s capacity. As time goes on, however, we shall have to use our brains more and more, and eventually we shall need larger ones! This is likely to bring about a physical change tool the head, in particular the forehead, will grow larger.
  Nowadays our eyes are in constant use. In fact, we use them so much that very often they become weaker and we have to wear glasses. But over very long period of time it is likely that man’s eyes will grow stronger.
  On the other hand, we tend to make less use of our arms and legs. These, as a result, are likely to grow weaker. At the same time, however, our fingers will grow more sensitive because they are used a great deal in modern life.
  But what about hair? It will probably disappear from the body altogether in course of time because it does not serve a useful purpose any longer. In the future, then, both sexes are likely to be bald!
  Perhaps all this gives the impression that future man will not be a very attractive creature to look at! This may well be true. All the same, in spite of all these changes, future man will still have a lot in common with us. He will still be a human being, with thoughts and emotions similar to our own.
  11. The passage tells us about _____.
  A. how man’s life will be in the future
  B. how future man will look like
  C. the fact that man’s organs will function differently in the future
  D. the fact that man is growing uglier as time passes
  12. There is evidence that man is changing _____.
  A. man has been growing taller over the past 500 years
  B. man has got stronger eyes than he ever had
  C. man’s hair is getting thinner and thinner
  D. man’s limbs are getting weaker because he tends to make less use of them
  13. Man’s forehead will grow larger because _____.
  A. he will use of only about 20% of the brain’s capacity
  B. the other 80% of his brain will grow in due time
  C. he had rather narrow forehead a few hundred years ago
  D. he will have to use his brain more and more as time goes on
  14. Future man will probably ______.
  A. have smaller eyes
  B. have larger eyes
  C. see better
  D. gave to wear better glasses
  15. The reason for believing that future man will be different is that he _____.
  A. is always B. never stops changing 
  C. hopes for a change D. will live a different life
  II. Vocabulary and Structure
  16. As we all know that young children are curious ________.
  A. by heart B. by origin C. by education D. by nature
  17. Do you think it wise to ________ our main office from NY to Chicago?
  A. transplant B. transfer C. transform D. transmit
  18. Some old people have an aversion to Rock and Roll because they can’t ________ so much noise.
  A. sustain B. entertain C. endure D. admire
  19. A healthy life is thought to be _______ with the open countryside and hometown food.
  A. associated B. tied C. involved D. bound
  20. The old lady is often seen _______ out of the house and sits in the garden.
  A. come B. to come C. have come D. came
  21. I believe it is one of the best books _______ written on the subject.
  A. that have ever been B. which have ever been
  C. that has ever been D. which has ever been
  22. This is a very _______ issue and we haven’t figured out a way to deal with it yet.
  A. competent B. compound C. comprehensive D. complicated
  23. Mary helped Bill whenever he was in trouble but he never did anything for her _______.
  A. in turn B. in advance C. in return D. in vain
  24. Can you tell the _______ difference between the two words?
  A. slender B. single D. slight D. simple
  25. The _______ of the movie is so great that many people want to see it.
  A. attack B. attraction C. attempt D. attention
  26. The old man, _______ poor, could not afford a decent meal.
  A. being B. is C. was D. has been
  27. Our sportsman won the race ______ at the Olympics.
  A. with easiness B. in ease C. with ease D. at ease
  28. They strongly recommended that you _______ the area sooner.
  A. leave B. left C. leaving D. to leave
  29. What I can see is there will be many people ________ to visit the place.
  A. coming B. come C. came D. to come
  30. We need a chairman _______.
  A. for whom everyone has confidence
  B. who everyone has confidence of
  C. in whom everyone has confidence
  D. whom everyone has confidence on
  31. It was such a wonderful evening that I felt like _______ along the river.
  A. walk B. to walk C. to walking D. walking
  32. 54. The manager said that this problem __________ at the meeting next Tuesday.
  A. discussed B. was discussed
  C. would be discussed D. would be discussing
  33. I’d be only too glad to attend your party _______ I can find a baby sitter.
  A. so far as B. provided that C. except that D. unless
  34. They differed with us ________ certain measures to be taken.
  A. in terms of B. in seasons of
  C. in respects of D. in occasion of
  35. The young couple fought ________ but not very seriously.
  A. all times B. on times C. some time D. at times
  36. Though having a funny smell this kind of fruit ________ very sweet.
  A. to taste B. is tasted C. tastes D. tasting
  37. With a washing machine at home, you ________ all those clothes by hand.
  A. mustn’t have washed B. needn’t have washed
  C. cannot have washed D. shouldn’t washed
  38. Her pleasant personality is ________ from his humor and understanding.
  A. came B. caused C. caught D. derived
  39. The manager asked us if we would ________ the articles (条文) in the contract.
  A. agree on B. agree with C. agree to D. agree at
  40. You have to _______ your paper next Monday morning to the professor’s office.
  A. hand out B. hand off C. hand over D. hand in
  41. I would think it rude to _______ when others are speaking.
  A. break in B. break into C. break off D. break out
  42. The doctor’s advice was that the patient ________ at once.
  A. to be operated B. being operated C. be operated D. operated
  43. But for their help, we ________ our task as planned.
  A. would not fulfill B. might not fulfill
  C. couldn’t have fulfilled D. shouldn’t have fulfilled
  44. Finally the sound of the motorboat _______ away in the distance.
  A. fenced B. faded C. fancied D. fastened
  45. –Would you like to have another cup of tea?
  – ________________.
  A. Yes, please. B. Sorry, I don’t.
  C. Not at all. D. Thank you just the same.
  III. Error Identification
  46. Bats are able to guide them by producing sound waves too high for us to hear.
         A      B                 C         D
  47. Ever since the world began, nations have difficulty in keeping peace with their
       A        B          C       D
  neighbors.
  48. Although her severe pain, Jane came to the classes so that she wouldn’t miss
      A               B          C         D
  anything.
  49. The salesman told me that a good pair of glasses were supposed to last at least 3
               A              B        C    D
  to 4 years.
  50. Even though she looks very young, she is twice older than my 18-year-old sister.
       A      B               C          D
  51. I just don’t understand whyhis wife fusses at small things all the time.
      A           B          C           D
  52. The policemen ordered that everyone left the burning building right away.
             A          B      C        D
  53. If I were you, I would take that job without delay when they offered me.
       A       B             C         D
  54. Have the director and editor decided what to do next with the book?
    A                    B     C   D
  55. Make sure you eat well and sleep enough, don’tyou?
      A      B          C    D
  IV. Cloze
  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D at the end of the passage. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  Residents in a growing number of cities in North China are suffering from influenza, but health officials insist the cases will not _56_ a nationwide breakthrough. _57_, they are warning people to rest and dress warmly _58_ the annual flu season will _59_ through the middle of February.
  Other preventative _60_, including drinking lots of water and exercising _61_, will make people more _62_ the virus. People should keep their rooms ventilated so there is _63_ fresh air, they said.
  Children and _64_, who are _65_ susceptible to (易感染的) the virus, should be _66_ cautious. People should visit their doctors _67_ they show symptoms so they can get medicine _68_.
  In Tianjin, doctors _69_ about 4,000 prescriptions a day; the _70_ to see a doctor is at least two hours. And doctors from Shenyang said the number of patients _71_ medical treatment there _72_ upper respiratory tract (上呼吸道) diseases _73_ by 30 per cent since December.
  Flu medicine is expensive, _74_ that has not curbed demand. More than 100 boxes of Tamiflu, _75_ 200 yuan each, were sold a day in a ward of Beijing’s China-Japan Friendship Hospital.
  56. A. come from B. lead to C. go to D. go by
  57. A. So B. Moreover C. Thus D. Still
  58. A. since B. because of C. owe to D. due to
  59. A. pass B. stay C. last D. visit
  60. A. ways B. skills C. measures D. methods
  61. A. occasionally B. regularly C. warmly D. hardly
  62. A. resistant to B. reluctant to C. probable to D. untouchable to
  63. A. lots B. many C. enough D. less
  64. A. adults B. youth C. parents D. seniors
  65. A. never B. most C. least D. not
  66. A. especially B. overly C. virtually D. moderately
  67. A. as B. while C. since D. once
  68. A. really B. probably C. speedy D. quickly
  69. A. has been written B. have been written
  C. have been writing D. had written
  70. A. waiting B. wait C. line D. queue
  71. A. asking B. looking C. searching D. seeking
  72. A. for B. to C. without D. toward
  73. A. have grown B. grew C. grows D. has grown
  74. A. and B. but C. or D. still
  75. A. on B. about C. for D. at
  V. Translation
  Section A: In this part there are 5 sentences that you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
  76. A culture and its languages are as inseparable as brain and body; while one is a part of the other, neither can function without the other.
  77. In the United States, a person can take credit only for what he has accomplished by himself.
  78. Americans, valuing competition, have devised an economic system to go with it – free enterprise (自由企业制).
  79. Five hundred years is a relatively short period of time, so we may assume that man will continue to grow taller.
  80. At the same time, however, our fingers will grow more sensitive because they are used a great deal in modern life.
  Section B:
  81. 听到这个好消息,他简直无法相信自己的耳朵。
  82. 除了看电视,这孩子整晚什么也没做。
  83. 国庆节快到了,很多人在忙着准备去旅游。
  84. 杨利伟实现了中国人登上太空(outer space)的梦想。
  85. 说到学英语,我越学越有兴趣。
  I.  Reading Comprehension
  1-5  DCCBC  6-10 BCAAD   11-15 BADCB
  II. Vocabulary and Structure
  16-20 DBCAB   21-25 ADCCB   26-30 ACAAC
  31-35 DCBAD   36-40 CBDAD   41-45 ACCBA
  III. Error Identification
  46-50 BCABC   51-55 CBBAD
  IV. Cloze
  56-60 BDACC   61-65 BACDB  66-70 ADDCB   71-75 DACBD
  V. Translation
  76. A culture and its languages are as inseparable as brain and body; while one is a part of the other, neither can function without the other.
  一种文化及语言,有如大脑与身体般密不可分。它们交融互补,缺一不可/不可或缺。
  77. In the United States, a person can take credit only for what he has accomplished by himself.
  在美国,一个人可能因为他依靠自己/独力取得的成绩而受到好评。
  78. Americans, valuing competition, have devised an economic system to go with it – free enterprise (自由企业制).
  重视竞争的美国人设计出了一种经济体系-自由企业制与之相配。
  79. Five hundred years is a relatively short period of time, so we may assume that man will continue to grow taller.
  五百年是一段相对短暂的时间。因此,(我们)可以假设人类会继续长高 /身高会继续增长。
  80. At the same time, however, our fingers will grow more sensitive because they are used a great deal in modern life.
  不过,与此同时,我们的手指会变得更加敏感。因为它们在现代生活中用得很多。
  Section B:
  81. 听到这个好消息,他简直无法相信自己的耳朵。
  He couldn’t believe his ears when hearing the good news. / When hearing the good news, he couldn’t believe his ears.
  82. 除了看电视,这孩子整晚什么也没做。
  The child did nothing except for watching TV all night.
  83. 国庆节快到了,很多人在忙着准备去旅游。
  National Day is drawing near / round the corner and many people are busy preparing for a trip.
  84. 杨利伟实现了中国人登上太空(outer space)的梦想。
  Yang Liwei (has) made the Chinese dream of going to outer space come true.
  85. 说到学英语,我越学越有兴趣。
  As to English study, the more I learn the more interested I get / the more interest I have in it.

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